There are 3 models of prisons that have been dominant in American since the early on 1940's: custodial, rehabilitative, and reintegration. Every model is created differently based upon its overriding goal, which affects the physical design and style, policies, and programs which have been implemented within each of the types.
Purpose: Control, focus is on retaining security and order.
Objective: Punishment, this can be a best way to provide deterrence against future criminal offenses.
Target: Prisoners has to be punished for wrongdoings and prison lifestyle must be built so annoying so that offenders will think twice to make any fresh crimes after release.
Theory: Traditional, belief that humans operate under cost-free will and an arrest makes a decision to engage in criminal tendencies believing rewards outweigh the costs.
Style: Radial, this allows for prisoners to have fewer contact with the other person and provides for guards to monitor even more prisoners in the past.
Administration Style: Military style approach is employed to control prisoners. Focus is usually on self-control and order with a crystal clear and organization hierarchy of who is in charge. The decision method is left to the administration and the inmates are expected being obedient and follow each of the rules with no questioning.
Administrative Design: Control version, authority is the hands in the prison operations. Prison facilitators are adamant and provide rigid control over inmates' lives. Interaction is formal and specialist and is limited to official stations and must follow a formal chain of command.
Positive aspects: Good control, gives community feeling of safety and retribution, tight secureness against escapes.
Down sides: Inhumane take care of prisoners, creates high worries and chaotic atmosphere, boosts likelihood of riots.
Focus: Identifying what caused the captive to make...
References: Clark simon, D. In. (2004, '08 09). Reintegration or recidivism of released persons. Recovered from http://fcwpp.quaker.org/reintegration & recidivism paper. pdf format
Gaines, L. K., & Miller, 3rd there’s r. L. (2013). Criminal proper rights in action. (7th ed. ). Belmont, FLORIDA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning
Salinas, G. L. (2009). A preliminary evaluation: Prison models and jail management designs and the texas prison system. (Unpublished master 's thesis, Texas Express University) Retrieved from https://digital.library.txstate.edu/bitstream/handle/10877/3639/fulltext.pdf